Tutorial: HowTo code a C++ Singleton

On the internet you can find plenty of examples for a singleton in C++. Most of then include a memory leak.

Here I show an example without a memory leak:

#include <iostream>

class Singleton
			std::cout << "Constructor Singleton" << std::endl;

			std::cout << "Destructor Singleton" << std::endl;

		Singleton(const Singleton&) = delete;
		Singleton& operator=(const Singleton&) = delete;

		static Singleton& GetInstance()
			static Singleton instance;
			return instance;

		unsigned long long GetAddress()
			return reinterpret_cast<unsigned long long>(this);

int main()
	std::cout << "Starting Main" << std::endl;

	Singleton& instance1 = Singleton::GetInstance();
	unsigned long long address1 = instance1.GetAddress();
	std::cout << "Address of instance 1: " << address1 << std::endl;

	Singleton& instance2 = Singleton::GetInstance();
	unsigned long long address2 = instance2.GetAddress();
	std::cout << "Address of instance 2: " << address2 << std::endl;

	std::cout << "Terminating Main" << std::endl;

The output of the program is similar to the following (the address will probeabely be different:

Starting Main
Constructor Singleton
Address of instance 1: 6297106
Address of instance 2: 6297106
Terminating Main
Destructor Singleton

As you can see, first of all main is started.
Then the first GetInstance call initializes the singleton, the constructor is executed.
We print the address of the instance.
The second call to GetInstance will return the same instance.
The second printed address is the same so we have only one instance.
After main has terminated the destructor will be executed. Most examples on the Internet miss that point.

Important to consider:

I hope this mini tutorial helped you.